One of the most known and advanced rock groups of the 80s-90s, “Metallica”, was founded in 1981 in California, the USA. The foundation of the group was laid by Lars Ulrich and James Alan Hetfield. Now the participants are Hetfield and Ulrich, Kirk Hammett, and Robert Trujillo. Dave Mustaine and Ron McGovney, Cliff Burton, and Jason Newsted are former members of the band.
From the Very Beginning
The super successful name “Metallica” was borrowed by the musicians from the familiar editor, who planned to publish a 'metal' fantasy under such title. The first concert took place in April, 1983, and there was also a debut album under the frightening name “Kill 'Em All”. The first songs were quickly followed by the other, and in 1986 the group released a disk “Master Of Puppets”, which is immediately recognized as classics of the genre, brought the group almost official title of the best metal band, and generated the whole assembly of followers and imitators.
After the first serious success, musicians were put on much more serious trial - in the fall of 1986 the bus driver who carried participants of the group from Stockholm to Copenhagen, didn't cope with ice, and Burton died in an accident. Fighting the temptation to dismiss the team, the remained participants found the new bass player Jason Newsted and started the recording of the new material, which is materialized in two more releases.
However, the following album, which is simply called “Metallica”, became the real revelation for music world. The composition “Enter Sandman” got on the top lines of the British and American charts, and the ballads “Unforgiven” and “Nothing Else Matters” brought the group to stadium level, having liquidated the boundary between heavy metal and rock mainstream.
“Load”, Hits and Other Works
For five long years the collective indulged the admirers only with concerts clips, collections until in 1996 there was an album “Load” which afflicted the most uncompromising part of fan audience, but, whatever one may do, appeared nearly the most mature and professional release of the become staid metalworkers.
Hits of this period, “Mama Said” and “Until It Sleeps”, peacefully adjoined in charts to monotonous boys-bands’ tracks. The album “Reload” became a logical continuation of “Load”, and it was followed by three other albums: “St. Anger” (2003), “Death Magnetic” (2008), “Untitled tenth album” (2016).